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Abele

Populus alba
Willow family (Salicaceae)


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银白杨(学名:Populus alba)通称白杨,为杨柳科杨属的植物。喜光,根系发达,木材轻软,可供观赏。

其种加词“alba”意为“白色的”。

落叶乔木,高可达35米。灰白色树皮;芽、幼枝、叶下面及叶柄均密被白色绒毛;宽卵形、三角状卵形(长枝上)或卵形(短枝上)叶子,3-5掌状缺裂,裂缘有粗缺齿。

分布于北非、亚洲西北部、欧洲以及東亞的中国西北、及山西、河北、河南、山东、辽宁等地,生长于海拔120米至3,800米的地区。沙荒、轻碱土均可生长。

  • Populus alba L. var. bachofenii (Wierzb.) Wesmael.
  • Populus alba L. var. pyramidalis Bunge

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Leaf size Leaf shape Leaf edge Twig Bark Height Seed Flower Flower type Type
Leaf size  > 15 cm Leaf shape  lobbed      Leaf edge  smooth  Twig  alternate Bark  smooth Height  5-30 m Seed Flower Flower type  other Type  Deciduous
> 15 cm lobbed smooth alternate smooth 5-30 m other Deciduous
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