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Yew

Taxus baccata
Yew family (Taxaceae)


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欧洲红豆杉(學名:Taxus baccata),红豆杉科红豆杉属常绿乔木。植株高10-20m。叶线形,深绿色,长1-4cm,螺旋状着生,基部扭转排成二列。假种皮肉质、杯状、红色;种子坚果状,位于假种皮中。原产欧洲及北非西部、伊拉克、亚洲西南部。這植物大部分有毒,食用其葉子可致死。欧洲红豆杉是雌雄异株的树,雄树的寿命天生要比雌树长得多,雄树能活5000多年。 本種木材為優質木材,用於打造家具、武器,英法百年戰爭,英國所屬的長弓兵使用的長弓,均以此種樹木製造。而且樹皮可以提取抗癌藥紫杉醇。

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Leaf size Leaf shape Leaf edge Twig Bark Height Seed Seed shell Flower Flower type Type
Leaf size  < 5 cm      Leaf shape  normal      Leaf edge  smooth  Twig  opposite   Bark  smooth Height  < 5 m Seed Seed shell  soft Flower Flower type  roset Type  Deciduous
< 5 cm normal smooth opposite smooth < 5 m soft roset Deciduous
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Taxus baccata [L.]



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